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Bilateral Security Agreements

Bilateral Security Agreements

As Allied forces continue to withdraw troops, the international community wants to assist and ensure that Afghanistan has progress in security, politics and economy and ensures electoral transparency and fairness. [96] While the Afghan parliament approved the BSA in 2013, Afghan President Harmid Karzai refused, as of February 6, 2014, to sign the BSA, that is, to approve it. [94] Presidential elections in Afghanistan are scheduled for April 2014 and the BSA is what is planned for the withdrawal of the US military and NATO forces. If it is not signed and a civil war breaks out, the Taliban will easily be able to regain control of the country, and it is the most vulnerable citizens of the population, especially women and children, who will lose the most. The possibility is even greater if Karzai does not sign the BSA. [96] The text of the BSA was adopted on the 24th Approved by the delegates of the Loya Jirga on November 1, 2013, it must now be signed by the Afghan President, who rejects the final recommendation of the Loya Jirga to immediately sign the BSA with the United States and will be submitted to Parliament for final ratification. [88] [89] [90] [91] [92] [93] While the Afghan parliament approved the BSA in 2013, Afghan President Harmid Karzai refused from February 6, 2014, to sign the BSA, that is, to approve it. [94] If approved, the agreement would allow the U.S. to use military advisers to train and equip Afghan security forces and U.S. special forces for counterterrorism missions against al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups. President Obama will determine the size of the force. [91] [95] The Jirga set certain conditions before approving the agreement, including a ten-year deadline for troop presence after 2014 and reparations for damage caused by U.S. troops stationed in Afghanistan.

[89] He also voted in favor of a letter from President Obama; The BSA was conceded that U.S. troops would only enter Afghan homes in “exceptional” circumstances and only if U.S. lives were in direct danger. [91] The Assembly also called for the release of 19 Afghans from the US detention centre at Guantanamo Bay and a stronger US promise to defend Afghanistan against any intrusion by its neighbours, including Pakistanis. The Loya Jirga also voted for the US military to add a base [92] to the nine bases that would be occupied by US troops under the proposed security pact, after combat troops leave Afghanistan by the end of 2014. The base is located in Bamian province in central Afghanistan, where the NATO-led military coalition is present. Bamian is a population center for the Hazaras, a Shia minority whose members were massacred by the Taliban before the US-led invasion that toppled the militant group. Afghan analysts said Hazara delegates proposed the additional base.

[91] At least five of the 50 Jirga committees opposed the “Staff Regulations” article, which “authorizes the United States to hold [civil and criminal] trials. or, where appropriate, take other disciplinary action on Afghan territory,” when a U.S. soldier is charged with criminal activity. [92] Spokespeople for at least two commissions have directly stated that Afghanistan should have jurisdiction over all U.S. soldiers accused of crimes on Afghan soil. Several committees have also stated that when trials are held in the United States, victims` families should have access to and be besieging to U.S. trials at Washington`s expense. [92] The U.S. and Afghanistan reached an agreement on the final language of the bilateral security agreement,[72] which, according to State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki, was not the final document or which U.S.

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