In the twentieth century, moral and political theory took up philosophical dynamics through John Rawls` kantic version of social contract theory, and new analyses of the subject by David Gauthier and others followed. More recently, philosophers have expressed new criticisms of the theory of social contracts from different angles. Race-minded feminists and philosophers, in particular, have argued that the theory of social contracts is at least an incomplete picture of our moral and political life and that it may indeed mask some of the ways in which the treaty itself is parasitic on class submissions of people. According to Rousseau, the powerful rich stole the country that belonged to all and deceived the ordinary people to accept them as sovereigns. .