1.16 Since international environmental agreements reflect federal policy on important environmental issues, Canadians should know what may or may not have been achieved through these agreements. In accordance with the federal program and commitments, we undertook to examine accountability for the results of certain international environmental agreements. 1.8 In Canada, the quality of our environment depends not only on what we do at home, but increasingly on activities outside our borders. Our national actions are often not enough to protect our environment, our resources and our health. We need to work with other countries to develop common solutions to international environmental problems that directly affect us. As one of the world`s largest resource-rich countries, Canada has much to gain from the environmental commitments of its neighbours and the international community. 1.42 Effects of ozone-depleting substance reduction. Environment Canada also receives information from international sources on various environmental aspects and the effects of reducing the consumption of ozone-depleting substances. The scientific information comes from the reports of the Scientific Assessment Panel of the Montreal Protocol. The group is composed of international experts from countries, including Canada, that are parties to the Montreal Protocol.
These reports are reviewed by experts and used by the parties as a basis for decision-making. According to those reports, a detailed table has been drawn up listing the international environmental agreements to which the Union is already a party or signatory. 1.83 UNAF believes that countries should seek cooperation through relevant international fisheries organizations to ensure the effective conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks. The main organizations responsible for these fish stocks in the Northwest Atlantic are the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) and the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). A signature is not the last step. Ratification by the State`s governing body is required before countries participate fully in international agreements. While a signature is interpreted as a commitment to move forward with full ratification, this is not always the case. The objective of the audit was to determine whether the responsible federal departments are aware of the extent to which certain fundamental objectives of certain international environmental agreements are being achieved.
1.58 The audit found that Environment Canada is aware of the estimated emissions of NOx and VOCs and the resulting concentration of ground-level ozone in the air. There is a clear objective for the desired environmental outcome – the reduction of ground-level ozone concentrations – as well as estimated emission reduction targets necessary to achieve this outcome. .