In 1866, the Commission experienced financial difficulties as a result of the recently ended Austro-Prussian war. But it secured the money by issuing bonds and offering the toll as collateral. “Of course, the rate was high by 10%, but the important fact is that the common agent of nations has developed an authentic identity and personality. Its audacity has been rewarded with complete solvency. :53 The International Danube Commission (upstream) has finally obtained permanent status, made an international Like EDC and put in place regulations that have brought their lives. However, it did not have its own courts; it was obliged to hand over the counter-transgresses to the local authorities for negotiation and sanction. Members included all the neighbouring countries, as well as Great Britain, France, Italy and Romania. Unfortunately, this basic document was written at a time when much of the original spirit of [President Woodrow] Wilsons began to fade away. In its current form, status is a somewhat unsatisfactory compromise between broad ideas and narrow-mindedness.
Its text gave rise to different interpretations and some of its important provisions were therefore not applied, as hoped, in the best interests of the river and its navigation. 244 The European Danube Commission, the EDC, continued its work for at least the first two years of the war, and delegates from the Allies and central powers continued to meet. 293 After Germany attacked Romania in 1916, the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey) kept the Commission in service for a short time, but without the British and French. Indeed, the Germans tried to legalize a commission that would always have excluded the allied powers. On May 7, 1918, they made a separate peace with the Romanians and transformed the EZ into a commission for the mouth of the Danube; its jurisdiction has been maintained, but membership has been limited to the Danube or Black Sea countries; :52 control over Braila should be “in the hands of the countries bordering the river”, i.e. Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Austria and Germany. 47 Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey and Romania have been granted the right to hold warships on the river; this led in response to the internationalization of the river between Ulm and the Black Sea after the war. :294 The same provisions were inserted into the peace agreement between Germany and Russia in 1918.