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Agreement Of Durand Line

Agreement Of Durand Line

On 26 July 1949, as relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan deteriorated rapidly, a Loya-Jirga was organized in Afghanistan after a Pakistani Air Force military aircraft bombed a village on the Afghan side of the Durand Line in response to cross-border fire on the Afghan side. The Afghan government said at the time that it did not recognize “neither the Durand imagination nor a similar line” and that all the old Durand Line agreements were non-adacleable. [47] They also announced that Durand`s ethnic division had been imposed on them under duress and coercion and that it was a diktat. This has not had any tangible effect, as there has never been a step towards the application of such a declaration at the United Nations, as both nations are constantly occupied by their neighbours during the wars (see Indo-Pakistan wars and civil war in Afghanistan). In 1950, the British House of Commons addressed the dispute between Afghanistan and Pakistan on the Durand Line, stating that the Indian government will not interfere at any time in areas beyond that line on the Afghanistan side and that its sovereignty will never prohibit the Amir in areas beyond that line on the Indian side. Contrary to many historical reports, Afghanistan has recognized the Durand Line as an international border. Abdur Rahman Khan`s successor, Amir Habibullah Khan, signed a new agreement with Britain in 1905, confirming the legality of the Durand Line. More importantly, Article 5 of the 1919 Anglo-Afghan Treaty, on the basis of which Afghanistan regained its independence, stipulates that Afghanistan has accepted all previous border agreements with India. Unlike the two previous agreements, the Anglo-Afghan Treaty was not imposed by Britain.

Afghanistan, as an independent state, has agreed to recognize the Durand Line as an international border. This border conflict has its roots in the 19th century, when Pakistan was part of India and a British colony. In 1893, the British imposed the 2640 km border on the Amir of Afghanistan to strengthen control of the northern parts of India. The agreement was signed between Sir Mortimer Durand, then India`s foreign minister, and Amir Abdur Rahman Khan in Kabul. The route is known as the Durand Line and passes through the Pashtun region. The Afghan Office geodesy and Cartography Head Office (AGCHO) presents the line on its maps as a de facto border and calls the “Durand Line 2310 km (1893)” on its homepage as an “international border.” [64] However, a map in an article by the “Secretary General of the Government of Balochistan in Exile” extends across Afghanistan`s border with the Indus River. [32] Not only does the Pashtun-dominated Afghan government refuse to recognize the Durand Line as an international border between the two countries, but it asserts that Pakistan`s Pashtun territories rightly belong to Afghanistan. [12] The Durand Line Agreement does not mention any delay indicating that the contract does not have an expiry date.

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